Getting to know the Slovak Morava zone
The Slovak Morava zone is formed by the Senica district and the western part of Bratislava – the countryside along with six city parts (districts): Dubravka, Karlova Ves, Devinska Nova Ves, Lamač, Záhorská Bystrica and Devin. This area is well-known as Záhorie region, which literally means “behind the mountains”, represented by the Little Carpathians. More names were used in the past, such as Moravské pole (Moravian field), slovenske Pomoravie, Moravská nížina (Moravian lowland) or Moravský dol.
Inanimate nature in the Morava zone
The present looks of the Záhorská nížina lowland is a result of a complex evolution in the Tertiary period. Several layers of various rocks (clay, sand, gravel, sandstone, limestone) were created and deposited here. Thanks to tectonic movements in Post-Tertiary period, the originally winding river-basin shifted westwards. Maybe you do not know that 600 000 years ago the confluence of the Danube and the Morava was not under the Devin Castle Rock, but in the area of today’s Devinska Nova Ves. The Morava floodplain traces back to the later Quaternary period. There are many side channels and the largest complex of flower meadows in Slovakia. Between the floodplain and the sandy areas there are the Morava terraces. These are created by the river-bottoms from later Quaternary period, formed by sands and gravel that the river had left behind when it was shifting westwards. On one of them – the Devinsko-novoveska terrace there is today’s Devinska Nova Ves.
Thanks to the prevailing warm climate, the Morava zone is the right place to get to know nearly any time of the year. Slight temperature fluctuation in the lowland can reach 9,5 °C. In the neighbouring Little Carpathians, Myjava upland and White Carpathians, the temperature is on average 1-2 degrees Celsius lower.
The river network of the Záhorská nížina lowland is gathered on flat of the Morava, the Myjava and under the Little Carpathians. The most watery rivers are the Morava, the Myjava and the Rudava. Undoubtly the most significant river that drains this region is the Morava. Navigating the river is a popular activity and an interesting experience for everybody, not only for those fond of water sports.
Apart from the rivers, the Devin lake is also very interesting. It originated as a river lake with more branches between Devinska Nova Ves and Vysoká pri Morave. In the flood season, the area around the lake and the river is not accessible for visitors. It is a home for a vast number of living organisms.
The Vegetal Kingdom – What grows here? What blooms here?
Unfortunately, the original character of this wet area with bogs, lakes and ox-bows has been preserved to very small extent, on a very little area. An inseparable part of regularly flooded areas is represented by willow-poplar soft floodplain forests. You can admire the largest complex of wet fields in central Europe, which is of great significance. There are numerous noteworthy species such as purple-blooming clematis, iris or fern. Some permanently wet peat-lands with alder-trees and some moorlands have been preserved here, too.
The Animal Kingdom – What lives here?
The diversity of the country was reflected in the rich amount of animal species. You will surely notice even smaller insects such as dragon-flies, butterflies and various kinds of beetles and bugs. In the common Slovak-Austrian sector of the Morava there are altogether approximately 50 types of fish. This area is proud of its tree frogs – tree toads, grass frogs, toads and salamanders. Similarly to fish and amphibians, this flat area is a paradise for birds. Thanks to suitable natural conditions, herons, white storks, red kites or white-tailed eagles (ernes) nest here. Flocks of geese, cormorants and ducks stop here when they migrate seasonally. Geese and storks are actually symbols of this region. On your way near the river you might notice a beaver, or at least something that this timid animal has gnawed at.