The Morava flat lies on the border with Austria. It is one of the most significant regions in central Europe due to its natural, historical and cultural value. Thanks to a forty-year-isolation behind the Iron curtain, favourable conditions were created for many endangered species of fauna and flora and these give a unique image of the well-preserved natural world.
The area is one of national and international protected areas. It is a part of PLA (Protected Landscape Area) Záhorie, proclaimed as the first Lowland PLA in Slovakia (in 1989).
Small protected areas are represented by various natural types.
Floodplain forests are represented by NNR (National Nature Reserve) HORNY LES, lying between Vysoká pri Morave and Záhorská Ves; and NNR DOLNY LES lying below the village Vysoká pri Morave. These two are valuable last remnants of the original floodplain forest which used to spread on much larger areas, not only along the Morava but also further in the Záhorská nížina lowland. The alluvial deposits of the Morava, from Devin up to the Devin Lake is a protected area Devin alluvial deposit of the Morava. Right here is the most spacious complex of flower meadows in Slovakia (Devin lake). On these meadows there are the best conditions for nesting, for many endangered bird species.
The uniqueness of this area within Europe can be proved by the fact it is one of the significant bird areas (Birdlife International, 1992). The Morava flat is a part of a system of protected areas NATURA 2000 (constituted by areas of European significance and protected bird areas). It was suggested as a part of Protected bird area Záhorské Pomoravie.
The Devin alluvial deposit of the Morava, The Devin Lake and the Morava river are areas of European significance. The system of ares NATURA 2000 continue in Austria and in the Czech Republic and thus creates a complex of areas protected by European legislation.
Even the Morava area was pronounced as bogs registered in the Ramsar convention (protected bogs of international importance), 1993. A further initiative, „Ecological building blocks for our common European home“ involved it in its structure as well (1990).
On the Austrian side there are three Morava areas: Marchegg, Angern and Hohenau. The Danube-Morava-Thaya floodplain forests are a part of PLA and are also listed among bogs of Ramsar convention. Small protected areas are represented by several NNR: Salzsteppe Baumgarden an der March (11hectares), Angerer and Durnkruter Marchslingern (81hectares) and Untere Marchauen (1166hectares). Near Marchegg there is a Kleiner Breitensee Protected Area and right behind the chateau – WWF Moravske Luhy Protected Area.
Colonies of white storks nesting in the trees are of great value in this region. Their number is approximately 40 pairs at present. Floodplain forests near the Danube-Morava confluence are a part of National Park Donau-Auen.
Inundation area of the Morava offers suitable conditions for the development of ecotourism and extensive agriculture focused on the development of ecofarms and old agricultural traditions.