Fauna And Flora

The Morava flat represents a unique region with a great richness of species. There are prevailing floodplain forests and flooded meadows. The watercourse is perceived as a complex of more elements: river, oxbows, copse on the river banks.

Wet meadows in the floodplain area are rich in plant species. The length of flowering time depends on the intensity of spring floods. Clematis (Clematis integrifolia), Summer Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum) and Ragged Robin (Lychnis floscuculi) start blooming in April. Gradually you can see Cuckoo Flower (Cardamine pratensis) and Goldilocks buttercup (Ranunculus auricomus) appear forming „beautiful carpets“. In May, it is possible to see Siberian Iris (Iris sibirical), Great Burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis) and beautiful Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare).
Soft floodplain forest (willow-poplar) is situated in the wet parts of the flat. It likes long-lasting floods. Typical representatives are White willow (Salix alba), Crack willow (Salix fragilis), Black poplar (Populus nigra) and White poplar (Populus alba). From shrubs and bushes there is predominantly Common elder (Sumbucus nigra) and from herbs: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), Comfrey (Symphytum officinale), Summer snowflake (Leucojum aestivum).
Hard floodplain forests (oak-elm-ash tree) are situated on higher terraces of the river. They do not like frequent floods very much. Common flora representatives are Common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), Pilewort (Ficaria verna), Corydalis (Corydalis cava), Gagea lutea and Ramsons (Allium ursinum).
The water level of ox-bows depends on the level of underground water. In May it is possible to see White waterlily (Nymphea alba), Yellow waterlily (Nuphar lutea), Water Violet (Hottonia palustris). The water surface is covered by lemna, free-floating aquatic plants; hydrocharis; and Water caltrop.
On the river banks you can see Yellow iris (Iris pseudacorus), Flowering rush (Butomus umbelatus) and Arrowhead (Saggitaria sagittifolia) which is quite interesting.

The Morava river is a place for numerous rare fishes which cannot be found or seen elsewhere, for example Ruffe (Gymnocephalus), Zingel zingel and Zingel streber. There are 62 recorded species in the river and its tributaries. Ox-bows are homes for molluscs (freshwater gastropods) such as Planorbarius corneus, Lymnea stagnalis or Viviparius acerosus. Bivalves are represented by Painter’s mussel (Unio pictorum) and Swan mussel (Anodonta cygnea). Marshes, swamps and ox-bows are home for various types of frogs. The most commonly seen is Edible frog – also known as Green frog or European frog (Rana esculenta), European Fire-bellied Toad (Bombina bombina); and apart from these, European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea) and both types of toads – Common Toad (Bufo bufo) and European Green Toad (Bufo viridis).
From snakes it is possible to find Grass snake (Natrix natrix), Smooth snake (Coronella austriaca) which looks like a viper; and similar species (Natrix tesselata, Elaphne longissima).
The Morava river is a place on the migration route for many birds, suitable for both nesting and resting. According to natural types, it is possible to distinguish waterbirds, birds of the meadows and birds in the forests. On the meadows: globally endangered Corn Crake (Crex crex) which likes spacious meadows with bushes sprinkled on them; similarly Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava) and Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus).
Water surface with reed nearby is a favourite place for ducks, geese, herons, little grebe (known as dabchick), night herons and others. Birds of prey fly here in search of food, the most visible are probably red kites and common buzzards. White-tailed eagle (Haliaetus albicilla) has recently started nesting there, too. It is our largest bird of prey.
And from mammals, European Beaver (Castor fiber) can attract your attention. Beaver in this region was exterminated but later re-introduced.

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